This was not the only concern, nor was it the entire formula. The pressing question was: A majority, where? In which geography, and in which area? In which part of Palestine? In Palestine as a whole? Palestine and Transjordan altogether?
A dispute arose within Zionism. Ben-Gurion was adamant about demography. Though differently from other insisting currents, Ben-Gurion was willing to provide some leeway for geography. Therefore, he attempted to concentrate settlement activity in particular areas, such as the coast, to guarantee a majority even in a limited space in Palestine. In his opinion, it was important, in the first stage, to establish a state even in a part of Palestine, no matter how large or small. It was, of course, preferable that it was large. As amply and convincingly analysed by Palestinian historian Nur Musalha, Ben-Gurion and his opponents were in agreement concerning the principle of More Land, Less Arabs.
A question remains: How could a demographic transformation be undertaken in the first place, and maintained later? How could the majority be transformed into a minority, and the minority into a majority, and how could this transformation be maintained?
Ideas were abundant. At first, it was thought that extensive mass immigration would achieve this goal. Immigration from Europe was never sufficient, though. With the Holocaust, would-be Jewish immigrants no longer existed. Gradually, the idea of transfer was more and more crystallised as the proper solution in the minds of Zionist leaders. In parallel, Jews of the Arab world would be brought in to guarantee the majority. As we know, both schemes were implemented: expulsion of the Arabs and bringing in the Arab Jews.
However, if the 1948 Nakba and consequent displacement had solved the demography problem for Israel, the 1967 occupation reproduced the question: What can be done to solve the demographic problem with the presence of millions of Palestinians in Historic Palestine. Military rule was the first answer, and the two-state solution was the second. Now, an attempt is underway to institutionalise the apartheid regime as a third solution. For Israel, this problem continues to persist.