The study shows that the Israeli settlements were built to stay, in order to achieve strategic Israeli goals that can be summarized by creating a demographic reality that impedes the Palestinian people’s ability to have its state on its land as prescribed by all relevant international resolutions. The Palestinian communities in the West Bank have been isolated in cantons surrounded by Israeli settlements and other physical barriers like the Wall and bypass roads, which makes the idea of Palestinian geographic contiguity hard to achieve.
The study suggests that even if the Palestinians are granted access to the lands that are currently inaccessible due to the practices of the Israeli occupation, or if areas in the countryside were reallocated as future spaces for urban development, yet the current spatial development trends will not be sustainable. The study emphasizes that the occupation practices are the main obstacle in the face of achieving sustainable development in the Palestinian territories, but also that the Palestinian planner still lacks the needed vision for the future of the Palestinian land. The clearest example are the areas classified as (C) in the West Bank which lack until this moment a clear Palestinian vision for the future development of those areas if the Palestinians gain control over them, will it be allocated for agriculture, industry, tourism or all those sectors?
On the same line, the study recalls that in 2005 Israel dismantled its settlements and unilaterally withdrew from Gaza Strip. The Palestinians dealt with the Israeli actions with semi-improvised manner that lead to negative environmental, economic and social implications.
The study concludes that after thorough revision of the political geography of the Israeli settlements in the West Bank clearly show that the West Banks capacity, in terms of land availability and its suitability for spatial development, have become weak and fragile within the current context.
Given the facts and numbers, the study recommended that the Palestinians should not, under any circumstances, give up any of the lands where the settlements currently stand, especially the lands that have been isolated behind the separation wall, for its essential importance in guaranteeing a more sustainable future for the Palestinians.